The Liberty Bell was first cast by the Bell Foundry, in London, in 1752. The Liberty Bell was twice recast in Philadelphia by John Pass and John Stow in 1753 after it cracked.
Liberty Bell Replicas
In 1950, Paccard cast 55 full size liberty bell replicas. These bells can be seen today on the capital grounds of each state and at federal offices.
The words on the Liberty Bell are, “Proclaim Liberty throughout all the Land unto all the Inhabitants Thereof”, and from the Old Testament, the book of Leviticus, chapter 25, verse 10.
An Icon for Freedom
Today, the Liberty Bell is an internationally recognized icon for freedom, but that has not always been so. The bell was ordered for the Pennsylvania State House (today known as Independence Hall) in 1752, just after the 50th anniversary of William Penn’s Charter of Privileges, Pennsylvania’s liberal colonial constitution.
Except for short periods, such as when it was hidden away during the Revolutionary War, the Liberty Bell spent its first 222 years in that famous building, ringing for routine meetings, special gatherings, and ceremonial occasions.
The Origin of the Liberty Bell name
Later, anti-slavery groups adopted it as a symbol of their cause and coined its name, The Liberty Bell, in the early 19th century. After the Civil War, the Liberty Bell in an effort to reunite the nation, traveled across the country. Since then, many groups have used it as a symbol of their struggles for liberty and equality.
The bell weighs about 2080 pounds. The real Liberty Bell is made up of ~ 70% copper, 25% tin, and small amounts of lead, zinc, arsenic, gold, and silver. It hangs from what is believed to be its original yoke, made from American elm, also known as slippery elm.
Its message of liberty and freedom reaches people all over the world, even though the Liberty Bell no longer rings.