There are two ways to create music on carillon bells. The ideal way is by a carillonneur performing live on a traditional keyboard console, called a “clavier”, (not an electric or midi keyboard), but a large keyboard console with an action more akin to a tracker organ.
The carillonneur plays broomstick-like keys, (batons), with a loosely open fist and foot pedals which ring the heavier bells, giving the musician more control and an ability to dynamically control the bells.
Electric Bell-Ringing Method
Modern techniques for playing carillon bells are based on electric bell-ringing equipment, including bell strikers, an automatic bell control system and midi-keyboards or an organ console.
Advantages of contemporary electric options include increased frequency of use (many people can easily be trained to operate), and cost savings over more traditional methods.